Polo Terminology

History of Polo

Polo Ponies

Termed ‘ponies’, these are infact horses measuring abouve 14.2 hands. Most are of the Argentinean Criollo breed or pure or cross thoroughbreds. Their main qualities are speed, stamina, steadiness and strength; the ability to accelerate, stop and turn quickly; and  temperaments that are amenable to the game. There is no height limit for the ponies, although most are between 15 and 15.3 hands. Bandages or leg wraps are used for support and protection. Players admit that the pony can account for as much as 80 per cent of their overall performance.

Pony Equipment

Know as tack, the polo pony wears a bridle over on it’s head, attached to a bit in its mouth.  There are two types of bits, a gag bit and pelham bit. A gag bit is a circular bit used at the side of the horse to pull the head up during stopping. A pelham bit acts like a lever and chain arrangement that is used to pull the head down while stopping.

The martingale is a strap attached from the bridle to the girth and the girth and is used to hold the saddle on the horse. The double set of reins, are attached to the bridle positioned in between the riders left hand and the saddle. Polo ponies also wear bandages or tendon boots for support and protection. They have their tails braided so there is no danger in being tangled in the polo stick and have their manes hogged (shaved).

Types of Polo

In the summer polo is played on grass and is called polo! In the winter polo is played outdoors in a boarded arena and it’s called arena polo.


Player Equipment

Hat or helmet, Boots, Glasses,  Whites, Gloves, Knee and Elbow Pads, Stick, Ball

Tactics & Aim of the Game

Basic Rules